Opioid Addiction and Symptoms

Opioids, also known as opiates, are a class of drugs that includes the illegal drug heroin as well as powerful pain relievers available legally through precriptions. Prescription painkillers are used to treat pain and are often prescribed for people who have undergone surgery, had dental work, experienced a sports injury, or suffer from chronic illnesses such as back pain or arthritis, etc.

Over the years, there has been a drastic increase in people who abuse prescription pain-killers, often having started with a legitimate prescription for the opioid. Over time, the user develops tolerance and dependence, which leads to addiction. Studies show that four out of every five heroin users today started by misusing prescription painkillers.

In fact, the rise of heroin is in large part due to expensive and difficult access to illegal painkillers making heroin an inexpensive option. Currently, the opioid crisis has reached epidemic proportions and has become a national health crisis.

Signs of Opiate Intoxication Include:

  • Reduced social interaction;
  • Drowsiness;
  • Poor memory or concentration;
  • Anxiety;
  • Slowed breathing;
  • Slow movement and reactions;
  • Mood swings;
  • Apathy;
  • Depression.

Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms:

  • Agitation;
  • Anxiety;
  • Increased tearing;
  • Runny nose;
  • Yawning;
  • Sweating;
  • Muscle aches;
  • Insomnia;
  • Abdominal cramping;
  • Diarrhea;
  • Dilated pupils;
  • Goose bumps;
  • Nausea;
  • Vomiting.